Physiotherapy When Pregnant - Know Your Options

Pregnancy is a beautiful and transformative journey for women, but it also comes with its fair share of physical and emotional challenges. As the body undergoes significant changes to accommodate the growing baby, many women experience discomfort, pain, and other pregnancy-related issues. During this delicate time, physiotherapy can be a valuable resource to support expectant mothers and alleviate pregnancy-related discomforts.

Pregnant woman sitting on yoga ball

The Benefits of Physiotherapy During Pregnancy

Reducing Back Pain and Discomfort

Back pain is a common complaint among pregnant women due to the increased strain on the spine and supporting muscles. Physiotherapists can gently relieve back pain and improve overall comfort during pregnancy.

Improving Posture and Alignment

As the body changes, maintaining proper posture becomes essential. Physiotherapy helps correct any postural imbalances and aligns the body, reducing the risk of developing musculoskeletal issues.

Strengthening Pelvic Floor Muscles

A strong pelvic floor is crucial for supporting the growing uterus and preventing incontinence issues some women experience during and after pregnancy. Physiotherapy can include exercises that target and strengthen these muscles.

Preparing for Labor and Delivery

Physiotherapists can teach expectant mothers specific breathing and relaxation techniques that can be beneficial during labour and delivery. These techniques help manage pain and increase overall comfort during the birthing process.

Standard Physiotherapy Techniques for Pregnant Women

Prenatal Massage Therapy

Prenatal massage is a safe and effective way to relax tense muscles, improve circulation, and reduce stress during pregnancy. It promotes a sense of well-being and can enhance the connection between the mother and the growing baby.

Gentle Exercises and Stretches

Physiotherapists may recommend tailored exercises and stretches to strengthen the body, increase flexibility, and promote overall fitness during pregnancy.

Breathing and Relaxation Techniques

Learning proper breathing techniques can significantly benefit pregnant women during labour and delivery. Physiotherapists can guide expectant mothers through breathing exercises to help manage pain and stay calm.


Hydrotherapy, or water therapy, can relieve the added weight and pressure on the joints and muscles. It can also help reduce swelling and improve circulation.

When to Start Physiotherapy During Pregnancy

Early Pregnancy

Ideally, women should consider starting physiotherapy early in their pregnancy to address any existing issues and prepare their bodies for the upcoming changes.

Second Trimester

The second trimester is an excellent time to engage in physiotherapy, as morning sickness often subsides, and the body is still relatively mobile.

Third Trimester

During the third trimester, physiotherapy can focus on preparing the body for labour, enhancing relaxation, and managing late pregnancy discomfort.

Safety Precautions and Considerations

Communication with Healthcare Providers

Pregnant women must communicate their interest in physiotherapy with their healthcare providers to ensure a collaborative and well-coordinated approach to their care.

Avoiding High-Risk Techniques

Specific physiotherapy techniques may not be suitable during pregnancy, especially if pre-existing medical conditions exist. Avoiding high-risk approaches is crucial to the safety of both the mother and the baby.

Monitoring for Warning Signs

Expectant mothers should be vigilant about unusual symptoms or discomforts during and after physiotherapy sessions and promptly inform their healthcare providers if any concerns arise.

Benefits of Seeking Professional Physiotherapy Services

Individualized Treatment Plans

Professional physiotherapists develop personalized treatment plans to address each woman’s needs and concerns effectively.

Expert Guidance and Support

Trained physiotherapists can provide valuable advice and guidance throughout pregnancy, helping women make informed decisions about their health and well-being.

Addressing Pregnancy-Related Issues

Physiotherapy can target pregnancy-related problems, including back pain, sciatica, pelvic girdle pain, and round ligament pain.

Pregnant woman in physio treatment


Physiotherapy during pregnancy offers a multitude of benefits for expectant mothers. From reducing back pain and improving posture to strengthening pelvic floor muscles and preparing for labour, physiotherapy can significantly enhance the overall pregnancy experience. However, seeking professional guidance and ensuring that the chosen physiotherapy techniques are safe and appropriate for the individual is essential.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

FAQ 1: Can all pregnant women undergo physiotherapy?

While physiotherapy is generally safe and beneficial for most pregnant women, certain medical conditions or high-risk pregnancies may require special considerations. Expectant mothers must consult their healthcare providers before starting any physiotherapy program. A qualified physiotherapist can assess each individual’s health and tailor the treatment plan accordingly.

FAQ 2: Is prenatal massage safe during any stage of pregnancy?

Prenatal massage is generally safe during all stages of pregnancy when performed by a trained professional. However, the intensity and techniques may vary depending on the woman’s trimester and specific needs. Choosing a certified prenatal massage therapist who understands the intricacies of providing massage therapy to pregnant women is crucial.

FAQ 3: How many sessions of physiotherapy are usually recommended during pregnancy?

The number of physiotherapy sessions recommended during pregnancy can vary depending on the individual’s condition and needs. Some women may benefit from regular sessions throughout their pregnancy, while others may find relief with just a few sessions. A qualified physiotherapist will assess the woman’s progress and make appropriate recommendations based on her health and wellness goals.

FAQ 4: Can physiotherapy help with breech presentation?

Physiotherapy may be utilized as part of a broader approach to manage breech presentation, but it is essential to understand that it cannot guarantee a specific outcome. Techniques such as the Webster technique may encourage optimal pelvic alignment, potentially creating more space for the baby to turn naturally. However, the success of these techniques can vary from person to person.

FAQ 5: Are there any alternative therapies to physiotherapy during pregnancy?

While physiotherapy offers various benefits during pregnancy, some women may prefer or require alternative therapies. These alternatives can include prenatal yoga, acupuncture, chiropractic care, or other forms of complementary medicine. Pregnant women must discuss their options with healthcare providers to ensure the chosen therapies are safe and suitable for their needs.

In conclusion, physiotherapy can be a valuable and effective option for pregnant women seeking to maintain their well-being, manage discomfort, and prepare for labour and delivery. Through tailored treatment plans and expert guidance, expectant mothers can experience improved physical health and emotional well-being throughout their pregnancy journey. However, it is crucial to prioritize safety and seek professional advice to ensure that the chosen physiotherapy techniques align with each woman’s unique health requirements.

Remember, every pregnancy is different, and what works for one woman may not be suitable for another. With the support of healthcare providers and qualified physiotherapists, expectant mothers can make informed decisions about their prenatal care, ultimately leading to a healthier and more comfortable pregnancy experience.

For safe and effective physical therapy, contact Innovation Physical Therapy.